IVF and Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a common gynecological condition that affect approximately 10-15% of the female population.

Endometriostic ovarian cysts may be present in up to 20-40% of women with endometriosis scheduled for IVF and on both sides in 19-28% of the cases.

The best medical approach to treat endometriotic ovarian cysts is controversial, as it may delay the fertility, the lady desires.

Should we remove the endometriosis by surgery is matter of debate.

With surgery , there are great chances that it may affect the ovarian reserve and impairs the responsiveness to treatment, and also does not offer any additional benefit in terms of fertility outcomes.

In addition, surgery is great risk to women, as it is mostly a complicated surgery.

The laparoscopic removal of bilateral endometriomas prior to IVF should be limited to those cases with normal ovarian reserve, presence of pain symptoms, rapid growth or sonographic features of malignancy.

Conversely., in the absence of the above-mentioned features, patients with bilateral endometriomas should be encouraged to proceed directly to IVF to reduce time to pregnancy, to avoid potential surgical complications and to limit costs.

The retreival of oocytes may be less in endometriotic cases, compared to normal, but the quality of oocytes may be same and pregnancy rates may be comparable, if lady goes for IVF as early as possible, when all conservative approaches are exhausted

Can fertility be preserved by Cryopreservation technology

Cryopreservation technology can be applied to Sperm, Embryo and Oocytes

The advantage of Sperm preservation is , easy to obtain in most patients, It has excellent results, and having a long track record of good success, but he bad part is , it is only for the male.

On the other hand , Embryo cryopreservation or freezing advantages are , excellent results in young patients and again a long good an successful track record. But the disadvantages are , it requires in vitro fertilization to obtain eggs, and may be financially costly and requires female patients to choose sperm donor before cryopreservation.

In Oocyte freezing or cryopreservation, the advantages are very good result in young patients and it does not require female patients to choose sperm donor before cryopreservaion, but bad part is, again it requires IVF to obtain eggs, it may be financially costly and relatively short track record.

Even ovarian cryopreservation is on its way, thin slices are stored  and frozen.

Freezing or cryopreservation is now a days are done by rapid freezing, a procedure called ” Vitrification” 

In our center, Ideal Fertility  Center , we are doing vitrification of embryos since long with very good result of “Blastocyst Freezing” with almost 100% recovery for transfer.

Sperms are stored long and before actual IVF procedure, so that if the male partner is not able to provide semen on the oocyte recovery day, we can use the frozen ones successfully.

We have started oocyte vitrification, and achieved one pregnancy too, but we are at a beginning , in future , soon we are starting our ” Egg Banking” services for those females, who because of their carrier demand can not reproduce in younger age and they can have their own child in later part of life.